Through a review of historically famous cases and a chronicle of neurotechnology development, this chapter discusses brain structure and brain function as two distinct yet interrelated paths to understand the relative contributions of anatomical and physiological mechanisms to the human brain–behavior relationship. From an organizational neuroscience perspective, the chapter describes over a dozen neuroimaging technologies that are classified under four groupings: morphologic, invasive metabolic, noninvasive metabolic, and electromagnetic. We then discuss neuroimaging variables that may be useful in social science investigations, and we underscore electroencephalography as a particularly useful modality for the study of individuals and groups in organizational settings. The chapter concludes by considering emerging science and novel brain technologies for the organizational researcher as we look to the future.
Balthazard, P.A. and Thatcher, R.W. (2015), "Neuroimaging Modalities and Brain Technologies in the Context of Organizational Neuroscience", Organizational Neuroscience (Monographs in Leadership and Management, Vol. 7), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 83-113. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-357120150000007003
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