We develop a conceptual model, based on person-environment fit theory, which explains how employee age affects occupational strain and well-being. We begin by explaining how age directly affects different dimensions of objective and subjective P-E fit. Next, we illustrate how age can moderate the relationship between objective P-E fit and subjective P-E fit. Third, we discuss how age can moderate the relationships between P-E fit, on one hand, and occupational strain and well-being on the other. Fourth, we explain how age can impact occupational strain and well-being directly independent of P-E fit. The chapter concludes with implications for future research and practice.
Zacher, H., Feldman, D.C. and Schulz, H. (2014), "Age, Occupational Strain, and Well-Being: A Person-Environment Fit Perspective", The Role of Demographics in Occupational Stress and Well Being (Research in Occupational Stress and Well Being, Vol. 12), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 83-111. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-355520140000012002
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