Drawing from research on personal resources (e.g., Baumeister, Bratslavsky, Muraven, & Tice, 1998; Fredrickson, 1998) and the episodic nature of work (Beal, Weiss, Barros, & MacDermid, 2005), we examine research and theory relevant to the study of momentary recovery in the workplace. Specifically, we propose that the nature of within workday breaks influences the levels of psychological resources, which in turn influence various workplace outcomes. First, we discuss the momentary approach to studying workplace breaks and consequent resource levels. In doing so, we distinguish between two types of breaks, respites and chores; and we detail two types of psychological resources, regulatory and affective resources. Consequences of psychological resource levels on emotional exhaustion and performance are considered. We also explore possible moderators of the proposed relationships; we discuss job and individual characteristics, and motivation to perform. Finally, we conclude the chapter with a brief discussion on future research and possible applications of the momentary approach to work recovery in organizations.
Trougakos, J.P. and Hideg, I. (2009), "Momentary work recovery: The role of within-day work breaks", Sonnentag, S., Perrewé, P.L. and Ganster, D.C. (Ed.) Current Perspectives on Job-Stress Recovery (Research in Occupational Stress and Well Being, Vol. 7), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 37-84. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-3555(2009)0000007005
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