Mumford, Hunter, Friedrich, and Caughron (2009) discuss at length three generic types of extraordinary leadership: charismatic, ideological, and pragmatic. This commentary raises the question of whether this general framework applies to more focused domains of leadership. More specifically, the author discusses his own research on leadership styles in the U.S. presidency – interpersonal, charismatic, deliberative, creative, and neurotic – and then examines whether these five styles have some correspondence to the three broad types of extraordinary leadership.
Simonton, D.K. (2009), "Presidential leadership styles: how do they map onto charismatic, ideological, and pragmatic leadership?", Yammarino, F.J. and Dansereau, F. (Ed.) Multi-Level Issues in Organizational Behavior and Leadership (Research in Multi-Level Issues, Vol. 8), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 123-133. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1475-9144(2009)0000008006
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