The employment impacts of US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) brownfield grant sites are examined. Such sites are eligible for tax incentives which can provide additional funds for cleanup. Using establishment data, employment within close proximity to such sites is found to increase during cleanup periods following grants. The employment increase was from non-brownfield establishments, i.e., a “spillover” effect. These employment effects were concentrated in certain industries. This chapter adds to the literature on brownfield redevelopment which has focused on property values. Beyond being the first empirical chapter to systematically investigate such employment effects, the chapter’s results are important in light of the current US administration’s intent to cut EPA funding.
Swenson, C. (2019), "Empirical Evidence on Employment Effects of EPA Brownfield Grants and Tax Incentives", Advances in Taxation (Advances in Taxation, Vol. 26), Emerald Publishing Limited, pp. 63-79. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1058-749720190000026004Download as .RIS
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