Index

Sexual and Gender Minority Health

ISBN: 978-1-83867-147-1, eISBN: 978-1-83867-146-4

ISSN: 1057-6290

Publication date: 15 January 2021

This content is currently only available as a PDF

Citation

(2021), "Index", LeBlanc, A.J. and Perry, B.L. (Ed.) Sexual and Gender Minority Health (Advances in Medical Sociology, Vol. 21), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 321-327. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1057-629020210000021004

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021 Emerald Publishing Limited


INDEX

Access
, 256

Accountability processes
, 232–233, 236

Active management
, 266–267

Activities of daily living (ADL)
, 160–161

Administration on Aging (AoA)
, 158

Affordable Care Act
, 22–23

Alcohol use
, 40

American Cancer Society (ACS)
, 257–258

Antibullying laws
, 70–71, 76–77

Anticipated stigma
, 257

Anxiety
, 70

Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC)
, 280

Austin’s NIH-funded study
, 211

Behavioral Model
, 256

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
, 6–7, 40, 44, 60

Binary sex/gender/sexuality
, 261

Biomedicalizing gender
, 241–242

Biopsychosocial nexus
, 255

Birth cohorts
, 143–145

Black and Latino men with same-sex partners
, 29–30

Botched double mastectomy
, 264

Bourdieu’s approach to class
, 28–29

BReast CAncer gene (BRCA gene)
, 265

Bullying
, 71–72

Children
, 182

Chronic anxiety
, 113

Chronic stress
, 4

Chronic stressors
, 104–105

Cigarette smoking
, 40

Cisgendering interactions
, 303

Cissexism
, 279

City Rape Crisis Center (CRCC)
, 300–301, 305–306

trans inclusion at
, 306–308

Class
, 18–20

class-related resources
, 22–23

Comfort
, 303

Community
, 159–160

community-level attitudes
, 142–143

levels of social support and coping
, 182–183

resilience
, 183–184

support
, 196–197

Compliance
, 243–247

deflecting attention from lack of experience
, 246–247

improving relationship
, 245–246

passive patient
, 244–245

Compulsory heterosexuality
, 211

Concealment of stigmatized identities
, 257

Control variables
, 77

Crimes against nature
, 2

Cultural

competency
, 287

spaces
, 20

taxation
, 281–282

Curriculum
, 279, 282

LGBTQ health in
, 288–290

De facto Weberian approach
, 30

Decision-making
, 232

Deferred Action for Child Arrivals (DACA)
, 111

Demedicalization of homosexuality
, 3

Deportation threats
, 105

Deportation-related anxiety

restricting engagement with social networks to relieving
, 114–115

restricting movement to relieving
, 113–114

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
, 2, 143–144

Dimensionality
, 120

Direct discrimination
, 30

Discomfort of Genitalia
, 264–266

Discrimination
, 67, 161–162, 188–189

experiences
, 262–264

Discursive distancing
, 242–243

Dissonance
, 232

Distal minority stress
, 187

Distal minority stress processes
, 183

District of Columbia (DC)
, 108–109

Diversity in medical education
, 281–282

Education
, 19, 22

Egocentric approaches
, 139

Embodied disruption
, 254–255

Embodiment
, 254, 261–270

Employment
, 19–20

Enforcement and Removal Operations (ERO)
, 104

Equality
, 76–77

Evidence-based medicine (EBM)
, 234

Exploratory factor analysis (EFA)
, 118–119

Exploratory sequential mixed methods research design
, 108

Family scholars
, 137–138

Fear of deportation
, 105–106

affected access to healthcare
, 113

chronic anxiety
, 113

data analysis
, 110

development of scale to assessing
, 116

intersectional identity exacerbated
, 112–113

migration history
, 112

negative effects
, 115–116

participants
, 109

potential consequences
, 107

procedure
, 109–110

qualitative study to exploring domains of
, 108–116

quantitative study
, 117–121

restricting engagement with social networks
, 114–115

restricting movement to relieving deportation-related anxiety
, 113–114

sample characteristics
, 111–112

study setting
, 108–109

Fear of discrimination
, 173

Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC)
, 108–109

Formal social safety nets
, 7–8

Gay, lesbian, and bisexual persons (GLB persons)
, 40, 41

Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs)
, 69

Gayby Boomers
, 144–145

Gender
, 18–20, 148–149, 235

expression
, 254

panics
, 303

scholars
, 233

Gender and Sexuality Alliances
, 69

Gender minority. See also Sexual minority
, 20–23

health
, 233

stress
, 183–185

Gendered accountability processes
, 235–236

Health
, 136

disparities
, 3–4

inequalities
, 3, 233–234

outcomes
, 137

Healthcare
, 5–6, 7, 254–255

disparities
, 280–281

interactions and discrimination in medical settings
, 172–174

Healthcare providers
, 255

data analysis
, 238

data collection
, 237–238

gendered accountability processes
, 235–236

invoking language of scientific evidence
, 239–243

mandating compliance
, 243–247

medical authority
, 234–235

methods
, 236–238

results
, 238–247

trans patients accountable to medical authority
, 232–233

Heterosexism
, 279

Heterosexual marriage
, 30

Heterosexual-Homosexual Rating Scale
, 2–3

HIV/AIDS epidemic
, 3

Homophobic bullying experiences
, 70–71

Homosexuality
, 2

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
, 258

Hotline
, 311

Hyperawareness of Genitalia
, 264–266

Identity taxation
, 281–282

Immigrant Latinx MSM
, 106–108, 125

qualitative study to exploring domains of fear of deportation
, 108–116

quantitative study
, 117–121

Inclusion in medical education
, 281–282

Income
, 19, 21

Indirect estimation methods
, 40

Informal social safety nets
, 7–8

Institute of Medicine (IOM)
, 40

Institutional

levels of social support and coping
, 182–183

support
, 197–198

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)
, 236–237

Internalized homophobia
, 192–194

Internalized transphobia
, 192–194

Intersectional identity exacerbated fear of deportation
, 112–113

Intersectionality
, 6, 105–106, 184

integration
, 28

of sexuality, gender, and class
, 18–20

as theory and method
, 200–201

Isolation
, 159–160

Labor market
, 21–22

LaClínica
, 108–109

Latinx

gay/bisexual and transgender immigrants
, 106

immigrants
, 105

transgender women
, 105–106

LBTQA + women, social construction of obesity and implications for
, 209–212

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults (LGB adults)
, 160–161

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)
, 158

directions for future research
, 174–176

disparities in health and related behaviors
, 160–162

healthcare interactions and discrimination in medical settings
, 172–174

identity
, 21–22

life course
, 163–166

older adults
, 158, 162, 170

personal networks, health outcomes, and alternative supports
, 167–172

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ)
, 182

concealment and fear of negative experiences
, 193–194

cultural competency
, 287

curricula in medical school training
, 279

in curriculum
, 288–290

diversity and inclusion in medical education
, 281–282

equality
, 67

expertise
, 292–293

families
, 184–186

findings
, 187–190, 285–292

gender and sexual minority stress and queer intersectionality
, 183–184

health
, 278

hybrid form of knowledge
, 285–288

institutional support
, 197–198

internalized transphobia and internalized homophobia
, 192–194

intersectionality as theory and method
, 200–201

language
, 279

LGBTQ + health
, 9, 208–209

LGBTQ-friendly providers
, 291–292

LGBTQ-inclusive policies
, 71

LGBTQ+ elders
, 175

limitations
, 201–202

marginalization
, 290–292

medical education in addressing healthcare disparities
, 280–281

methodology
, 186–187

methods
, 283–285

minority resilience
, 194

parents
, 185–186, 189

rejection and expectations of rejection
, 190–192

relational support
, 194–197

structural advocacy
, 287–288

unique health needs
, 286

Lesbian culture
, 208–209

Lesbian obesity
, 8, 208

community influence on body management
, 220–221

embodying queer resistance
, 221–224

“looking good” and critiquing male gaze
, 218–220

methods
, 212–213

participant characteristics
, 213–215

reclaiming eating, redefining obesity
, 217–220

resisting & rejecting labels
, 215–217

social construction of obesity and implications for LBTQA + women
, 209–212

Lesbian paradox
, 210

Life course

analysis
, 159, 163–166

approach
, 137–138

stress and
, 138

Lifeline analysis
, 149

Marital biography
, 137–138

Marriage
, 169–170

Medical authority
, 234–235

Medical domains
, 236

Medical education in addressing healthcare disparities
, 280–281

Medical providers
, 232

Medicalization processes
, 210–211

Men who have sex with men (MSM)
, 7, 105

Mental health
, 66

Mental well-being
, 40–43

Meyer’s minority stress model
, 211

Micro-abrasions
, 264

Minority
, 136

resilience
, 194

stressors
, 183

Minority stress
, 188

among sexual minority youth
, 67–68

model
, 105

processes
, 182–183

in suicide risk
, 68–69

theory
, 4--5, 28–29, 67

Multi-item measure
, 108

Multiple marginalization
, 28

Multiplicative effects of minority stress processes
, 4–5

National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS)
, 6, 144–145

National Institutes of Health (NIH)
, 209–210

National School Climate Survey (NSCS)
, 67–68

Neighborhood-level hate crimes
, 142–143

Nicotine in cigarettes
, 41

Nondiscrimination policy
, 76–77

Obesity
, 208

paradox
, 210

Obstetrics and gynecology (Ob/Gyn)
, 283

Occupation
, 19, 21–22

“Off time” life course transitions
, 164–165

Parent interviews
, 186–187

Partnerships
, 42–43

Peer aggression
, 68

Persistent marginalization
, 161–162

Physical and mental health
, 158–159

Population

health
, 19

studies
, 29

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
, 70

Poverty
, 28–29

Power
, 233, 236

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
, 257–258

Protective factors
, 210

Proximal minority stress
, 187

processes
, 183

“Public charge” rule
, 126

Qualitative study of lesbian women and gay men
, 166

Queer intersectionality
, 183–184

Rape crisis centers
, 300, 301

Relational

levels of social support and coping
, 182–183

support
, 194–197

Reliability
, 120

Resilience/resiliency
, 7, 159, 162, 183–184, 187

in LGBTQ families
, 198–200

Respondent-driven sampling (RDS)
, 147–148

Risk
, 240–241

Safe Space
, 313

Sample selection
, 29

Scholarship
, 169

School victimization
, 69–71, 75–76

among sexual minority youth
, 67–68

experiences by sexual identity and state policy
, 78–83

Sequence analysis
, 148–149

Sex-specific cancer screenings (SSCS)
, 255–256

and embodiment
, 261–270

interview questions and analysis
, 259

as positive and affirming
, 267–270

sample
, 260–261

and transgender people
, 257–259

Sexual and gender minority (SGM)

advancing research on
, 6

birth cohorts
, 143–145

contemporary research on
, 4

disparities
, 4

diverse axes of difference
, 146–147

elders
, 159, 159

evolution of research on
, 2

health
, 2, 18

interactional social ties on health disparities
, 145–146

life course approach
, 137–138

main research concerns for study of social biographies
, 139–140

SGM people
, 18–19, 136

social network approach
, 138–139

structure and content of social biographies
, 140–143

theory-driven methods
, 147–150

Sexual assault
, 310

Sexual behavior
, 2–3

Sexual identity
, 76

concealment
, 175

disparities in suicide risk
, 68–69

Sexual inversion
, 2

Sexual minority
, 20–23, 41

women
, 208, 210

Sexual minority youth
, 66

data and methods
, 72–78

measures
, 72–77

plan of analysis
, 77–78

results
, 78–93

school victimization and minority stress among
, 67–68

Sexual orientation
, 41–43

analytic plan
, 46

data
, 44–46

dependent variables
, 44–45

independent variables
, 45–46

results
, 46–54

sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors
, 42–43

Sexual perversions
, 2–3

Sexual violence
, 300

Sexuality
, 18–20

Smoking
, 41

Social biographies
, 7, 136

main research concerns for study of
, 139–140

structure and content of
, 140–143

Social class
, 19–20

among sexual and gender minorities
, 20–23

intersectionality of sexuality, gender, and class
, 18–20

in sexual minority health research
, 23–28

SGM people
, 18–19

studies of gender and sexual minority health disparities
, 25–26

as underlying SGM health disparities
, 28–31

Social conditions
, 19–20

Social isolation
, 169

Social network methods
, 5, 138–139, 147–148, 167–168

Social psychological scholarship
, 236

Social relationships
, 136

Social service health organizations
, 301–302

Social stressors
, 104–105

Social support
, 159–161

Social ties
, 140

content
, 142–143

interactional social ties on health disparities
, 145–146

structure
, 140–142

Socioeconomic status (SES)
, 19–20, 40, 43

State-level policies
, 70

State-policy variables
, 76–77

Statements of commitment
, 281

Statistical interactions
, 29

Stereotypes
, 189–190

Stigma
, 2, 162, 257

Strategic reframing
, 266–267

Stress. See also Minority stress
, 138

in LGBTQ families
, 198–200

process model
, 104–105

proliferation
, 28

theories
, 28

Structural advocacy
, 287–288

Structural discrimination
, 30

Structural intersectionality
, 18–19, 28

Structural stigma
, 67, 69–71, 95–96

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
, 60–61

Substance use
, 41–43

Suicide
, 41, 56

Suicide attempt
, 72

by sexual identity and state policy
, 88–93

Suicide ideation
, 40, 41–43, 72

by sexual identity and state policy
, 83–88

Suicide risk
, 69–72

minority stress and sexual identity disparities in
, 68–69

Support groups
, 312

Temporary Protected Status (TPS)
, 107–108

Theory-driven methods
, 147–150

Trans inclusion at CRCC
, 306–308

Trans people
, 300

Transgender

adults
, 22

identity
, 254

individuals
, 255

medicine
, 233

older adults
, 148

studies
, 259

Transgender and gender expansive children (TGE children)
, 182, 185

Transgender people

barriers to health care among
, 256–257

SSCS and
, 257–259

Transgender survivors
, 300

literature review
, 301–304

managing difference and ranking oppressions
, 310–311

method
, 304–306

problem as patriarchy or as intersecting oppressions
, 308–309

trans inclusion at CRCC
, 306–308

women-only space and exclusion
, 311–314

Transwomen
, 163

Unconscious transphobia
, 310

Undergraduate medical education institution (UME institution)
, 278

Undocumented Latinxs
, 104–105

US Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
, 104

US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
, 108–109

Veterans Administration (VA)
, 262

Wages
, 21

Wealth
, 19, 21

Weight-related behaviors
, 211–212

Women-only spaces
, 300, 303

benefits
, 301

and exclusion
, 311–314

Working-class identity
, 20

World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH)
, 239–240

Youth Risk Behavior Survey (2017)
, 67–68, 70, 72

“Zero Suicide” program
, 60–61

Prelims
Research on Sexual and Gender Minority Health: Historical Developments and Future Directions
Part I Health Disparities: Risk Factors, Minority Stress, and Intersectionality
Sexual and Gender Minority Health: Toward a More Complete Accounting of Social Class
Substance Use, Mental Well-being, and Suicide Ideation by Sexual Orientation among US Adults
State-level Policy, School Victimization, and Suicide Risk among Sexual Minority Youth
Understanding Fear of Deportation and Its Impact on Healthcare Access among Immigrant Latinx Men Who Have Sex with Men
Part II Resilience and Resistance: Identity, Social Relationships, and Community
Social Biographies and Health Among Sexual and Gender Minority People
Life Course Transitions, Personal Networks, and Social Support for LGBTQ+ Elders: Implications for Physical and Mental Health
Experiences of Gender and Sexual Minority Stress Among LGBTQ Families: The Role of Community Resilience and Minority Coping
Resisting and Reframing Explanations for “Lesbian Obesity”: LBTQA+ Young Women's Narratives of Sexual Identity as a Protective Factor
Part III The Role of Institutions: Healthcare and Social Service Systems
How Healthcare Providers Hold Trans Patients Accountable to Medical Authority
“Every Now and Then I Get Flagged for a Pap Smear”: Gender Transition, Embodiment, and “Sex-Specific” Cancer Screenings
“Oh You Should Talk to…”: The Implementation of LGBTQ Health Curricula in Medical Education
“What Are We Going to Do with a Penis in the Room?”: Rape Crisis Centers and Treatment of Transgender Survivors
Index