Social implications – Proponents of conversion-based service provision position religious institutions as the primary agents of willing compassion and generosity beyond the family compass, stripping the rest of civil society of any claims to promote the greater good. In Victory's metaphor of “invisible war,” a Manichaean vision is quite explicit. Every definition of recovery and reintegration in terms of conversion and submission to religious authority inherently suggests that substance use stems largely from immorality and that the unsaved in general are sinful and dangerous. By funding a conversion-based shadow welfare apparatus, we argue, the US government is intensifying the criminalization of poverty, the steady downgrading of more inclusive institutions, and ultimately the materialization of Victory's Manichaean vision in a polarized nation.
Gowan, T. and Atmore, J. (2012), "Into the Light: Evangelical Rehab and the Seduction of New Life", Netherland, J. (Ed.) Critical Perspectives on Addiction (Advances in Medical Sociology, Vol. 14), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 155-178. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1057-6290(2012)0000014011Download as .RIS
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