In most countries, inequalities of opportunity in health are mainly driven by social background affecting adult health directly, and so would require policies compensating for poorer initial conditions. On the other hand, our results suggest a strong social and family determinism of lifestyles in Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy, Germany, Poland and Denmark, which emphasises the importance of inequalities of opportunity in health within those countries and calls for targeted prevention policies.
We gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Health Chair, a joint initiative by PSL, Université Paris-Dauphine, ENSAE and MGEN under the aegis of the Fondation du Risque (FDR). Damien Bricard also benefited from a PhD studentship from the Régime Social des Indépendants (RSI).
We thank Bénédicte Apouey, Andrew Clark, Martin Karlsson, Erik Schokkaert and the participants to the 2013 PhD Seminar on Health Economics and Policy (Grindelwald, Switzerland) and to the 12th Journées Louis-André Gérard-Varet Conference in Public Economics for their helpful comments. We would like to thank the editors of this special issue for valuable remarks.
This chapter uses data from wave 1 and 2 release 2.5.0, as of 24 May 2011 and SHARELIFE release 1, as of 24 November 2010. The SHARE data collection has been primarily funded by the European Commission through the 5th Framework Programme (project QLK6-CT-2001-00360 in the thematic programme Quality of Life), through the 6th Framework Programme (projects SHARE-I3, RII-CT-2006-062193, COMPARE, CIT5-CT-2005-028857 and SHARELIFE, CIT4-CT-2006-028812) and through the 7th Framework Programme (SHARE-PREP, No. 211909, SHARE-LEAP, No. 227822 and SHARE M4, No. 261982). Additional funding from the U.S. National Institute on Aging (U01 AG09740-13S2, P01 AG005842, P01 AG08291, P30 AG12815, R21 AG025169, Y1-AG-4553-01, IAG BSR06-11 and OGHA 04-064) and the German Ministry of Education and Research as well as from various national sources is gratefully acknowledged (see www.share-project.org for a full list of funding institutions).
Bricard, D., Jusot, F., Trannoy, A. and Tubeuf, S. (2013), "Inequality of Opportunities in Health and the Principle of Natural Reward: Evidence from European Countries", Health and Inequality (Research on Economic Inequality, Vol. 21), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 335-370. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1049-2585(2013)0000021016Download as .RIS
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