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Entrepreneurial Orientation and Ambidexterity: Literature Review, Challenges, and Agenda for Future Research

The Challenges of Corporate Entrepreneurship in the Disruptive Age

ISBN: 978-1-78754-444-4, eISBN: 978-1-78754-443-7

Publication date: 22 November 2018

Abstract

In this chapter, the authors examine the main effect of entrepreneurial orientation (EO) – a firm’s strategic entrepreneurial posture – on balancing exploration and exploitation in the form of organizational ambidexterity. Resource-constrained firms face an imperative to conduct innovative activities, survive hostile environments, and compete with larger and more resource-rich firms. The authors contend that firms can address these potential impediments through achieving ambidexterity via dynamic capabilities, firm-specific resources, and institutional factors. Specifically, The authors review the EO and ambidexterity literatures and summarize extant arguments related to the relationship between EO, exploration, and exploitation. The authors also discuss the most prominent scales and measures of EO, exploration, and exploitation. Moreover, the authors discuss operationalizational challenges that should be considered when conducting EO–ambidexterity research and suggest future research directions by specifying an agenda outlining useful theoretical perspectives and various contingencies that may influence the EO–ambidexterity relationship.

Keywords

Citation

Lee, Y. and Kreiser, P.M. (2018), "Entrepreneurial Orientation and Ambidexterity: Literature Review, Challenges, and Agenda for Future Research", Kuratko, D.F. and Hoskinson, S. (Ed.) The Challenges of Corporate Entrepreneurship in the Disruptive Age (Advances in the Study of Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth, Vol. 28), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 37-62. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1048-473620180000028002

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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