Iran neither produces the technology nor possesses the financial or the political capabilities that drive globalization. Yet in an interdependent world, with a political posture that is defiant of the hegemonic powers that are to a large extent in the driver seat of the bus of globalization, it has managed to survive. The political resiliency of the Islamic Republic since its inception in 1979 in face of formidable external threats, internal obstacles, and the challenges of a rapidly changing world in which it remains on the periphery, is a vexing question indeed. The regime has used the rhetoric and ideology of populism to remain defiant and shore up its “problematic” legitimacy.
Dorraj, M. (2014), "Iranian Populism: Its Vicissitudes and Political Impact", The Many Faces of Populism: Current Perspectives (Research in Political Sociology, Vol. 22), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 127-142. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0895-993520140000022005Download as .RIS
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