It is well established in political theory that democracy promotes inclusive citizenship most especially politically – the right to vote and be voted for. This thesis is predicated upon the assumption that democracy is basically a representative government where all identities and interests are accommodated and/or tolerated in the politics and policy processes of their society. This chapter challenges the foundation of this assumption, using the Nigerian legislature's experience under the Fourth Republic (1999–2007), where the democratization process has failed to bring about substantial increase not only in women's numerical representation in parliament, but also in their ability to improve their participation in the politics and policy processes particularly those that advance women's cause. The central argument of the chapter is that for democracy to engender active representation of women in the politics and policy process of their environment will be largely dependent on women's numerical strength and their mode of ascension to power – their politics or affirmative action. Wherever the latter prevails, only passive, not active representation, will be prompted, as has so far been the case in Nigeria and most other African countries. This equates democratization of disempowerment for women.
Shola Omotola, J. (2012), "Democratization and Citizenship: The Gender Dimensions of Political Representation in Nigeria", Wejnert, B. (Ed.) Linking Environment, Democracy and Gender (Research in Political Sociology, Vol. 20), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0895-9935(2012)0000020003Download as .RIS
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