This chapter investigates the differences in share-plan participation among various employee groups and why these differences exist. For strategic and tactical reasons, inequality may result from an employer’s choice to distinguish among groups when allocating or offering shares. Differences among groups are also based on employee preferences. In addition, differences may be caused by social stratification, which limits access to plans for certain groups. Using these three perspectives, this study found important demographic differences in participation and received benefits. The study revealed that employers tend to focus on high-level personnel. It also found that employees may differ in how knowledgeable they are regarding share plans and how they value the usefulness of participating in share schemes.
Poutsma, E. and Ligthart, P.E.M. (2017), "Who Participates in Share Plans and Why?", Sharing in the Company (Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory & Labor-Managed Firms, Vol. 17), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 49-76. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0885-33392016000017006
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