This article provides a detailed investigation of how Lewis revisited classical and Marxian concepts such as productive/unproductive labor, economic surplus, subsistence wages, reserve army, and capital accumulation in his investigation of economic development. The Lewis 1954 development model is compared to other models advanced at the time by Harrod, Domar, Swan, Kaldor, Solow, von Neumann, Nurkse, Rosenstein-Rodan, Myint, and others. Lewis applied the notion of economic duality to open and closed economies.
I would like to thank Joaquim Andrade, Edmar Bacha, Amitava Dutt, Ben Fine, Geoff Harcourt, Gilberto Tadeu Lima, Cosimo Perrotta, Jaime Ros, Ana M. Bianchi, Carlos E. Suprinyak, Joanilio Teixeira, Tony Thirlwall, and Robert Tignor for their helpful comments. I have also benefited from the suggestions by two anonymous referees. A research grant from the Brazilian Research Council (CNPq) is gratefully acknowledged.
Boianovsky, M. (2019), "Arthur Lewis and the Classical Foundations of Development Economics", Including A Symposium on 50 Years of the Union for Radical Political Economics (Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology, Vol. 37A), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 103-143. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0743-41542019000037A009
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