Interest in generational research has garnered a lot of attention, as the workplace is seeing multiple generations (i.e., the Silent Generation, Baby Boomers, Gen Xers, and Millennials) working side-by-side for the first time. However, it is unclear how multiple generations of workers interact with each other and affect the workplace. Although there is extant literature on generational differences, some scholars have argued that the effect sizes are small and the differences are not meaningful. The focal aim of this chapter is to present the current state of literature on generational research. We present the relevant conceptualizations and theoretical frameworks that establish generational research. We then review evidence from existing research studies to establish the areas of differences that may exist among the different generations. In our review, we identify the issues arising from generational differences that are relevant to human resource management (HRM) practices, including new workforce entrants, aging workers, the changing nature of work and organizations, and leadership development. We conclude with several directions for future research on modernizing workplace policies and practices, ensuring sustainability in current employment models, facilitating future empirical research, and integrating the effects of globalization in generational research.
Ng, E.S. and Parry, E. (2016), "Multigenerational Research in Human Resource Management", Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management (Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, Vol. 34), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-41. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0742-730120160000034008
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2016 Emerald Group Publishing Limited