Nevertheless, to date, the absence of an integrated model explaining the connection between worker participation and organizational performance leads to the following question that still is in need of an answer: how do direct and indirect forms of participation – separate as well as in combination – affect organizational performance? This chapter aims to contribute to the filling of the aforementioned knowledge gaps. In so doing, we focus on direct and indirect, nonunion participation on the firm level, using a Western European and especially Dutch frame of reference.
Kees Looise, J., Torka, N. and Ekke Wigboldus, J. (2011), "Understanding Worker Participation and Organizational Performance at the Firm Level: In Search for an Integrated Model", Lewin, D., Kaufman, B.E. and Gollan, P.J. (Ed.) Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations (Advances in Industrial & Labor Relations, Vol. 18), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 87-113. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0742-6186(2011)0000018006Download as .RIS
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