Measuring behavior requires research methods that can capture observed outcomes and expose underlying processes and mechanisms. In this chapter, we present a toolbox of instruments and techniques we designed experimental tasks to simulate decision environments and capture behavior. We deployed protocol analysis and text analysis to examine the underlying cognitive processes. In combination, these can simultaneously grasp antecedents, outcomes, processes, and mechanisms. We applied them to collect rich behavioral data on two key topics in strategic management: the exploration–exploitation trade-off and strategic risk-taking. This mix of methods is particularly useful in describing actual behavior as it is, not as it should be, replacing assumptions with data and offering a finer-grained perspective of strategic decision-making.
SSL and CR acknowledge a grant from the European Research Council (695256). SSL also received a grant from the Hong Kong Research Council General Research Fund (14655416).
Reypens, C. and Levine, S.S. (2018), "Behavior in Behavioral Strategy: Capturing, Measuring, Analyzing", Behavioral Strategy in Perspective (Advances in Strategic Management, Vol. 39), Emerald Publishing Limited, pp. 221-246. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0742-332220180000039016Download as .RIS
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