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PREPaRE School Crisis Prevention and Intervention

aUniversity at Buffalo, State University of New York, USA
bCalifornia State University, USA

Issues Around Violence in Schools

ISBN: 978-1-83797-624-9, eISBN: 978-1-83797-623-2

Publication date: 4 December 2023


In response to a critical need for uniform school crisis preparedness and response efforts across districts, the National Association of School Psychologists developed PREPaRE, a model and training curriculum aimed to equip school-based professionals to engage in comprehensive school crisis prevention and intervention practices. The PREPaRE acronym stands for: Prevent/Prepare for psychological trauma; Reaffirm physical health, security, and safety; Evaluate psychological trauma; Provide interventions (and) Respond to psychological needs; and Examine the effectiveness of prevention and intervention efforts. The model spans four crisis preparedness phases: Prevention, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery. This chapter provides a detailed overview of the development and structure of the PREPaRE model's core components and the organizational framework of the Incident Command System. It delineates elements of the basic school crisis response plan, assessment of mental health risk following a crisis event, and the provision of crisis interventions within a multitiered system of support framework. Additionally, it summarizes ongoing effectiveness and implementation research used to evaluate and improve the model based on immediate training outcomes assessed through pre and postmeasures and training transfer to applied school contexts. Implications for research and public policy regarding school safety and crisis prevention and intervention, as well as the future of PREPaRE curriculum development, are discussed.



Nickerson, A.B., Brock, S.E. and Margiotta, K.V. (2023), "PREPaRE School Crisis Prevention and Intervention", Collins, L.W., Landrum, T.J. and Cook, B.G. (Ed.) Issues Around Violence in Schools (Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities, Vol. 33), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 135-152.



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Copyright © 2024 Amanda B. Nickerson, Stephen E. Brock and Katherine V. Margiotta. Published under exclusive licence by Emerald Publishing Limited