The Transition to Independence Process: Implementation of the TIP Model for Improving the Outcomes of Youth and Young Adults with Emotional/Behavioral Difficulties

Transition of Youth and Young Adults

ISBN: 978-1-78441-934-9, eISBN: 978-1-78441-933-2

ISSN: 0735-004X

Publication date: 15 July 2015


Youth and young adults with emotional and/or behavioral difficulties (EBD) face particularly difficult challenges in their efforts to fit into adult roles and functions. The purpose of this chapter is to assist providers, educators, and administrators from the mental health, education, child welfare, justice/corrections, and adult service system sectors understand (a) a practice for improving the progress and outcomes for young people in transition, and (b) how this practice model is implemented in communities to impact the lives of youth in transition to adulthood. This is accomplished in two major parts in this chapter. The first part provides an overview of the Transition to Independence Process (TIP) model, a description of its status as an evidence-supported practice, and tools and strategies that support its implementation in communities and regions across North America. The TIP model is further illustrated through a description of how it is applied with a young person. The second part of the chapter provides an overview of implementation science, a description of how its strategies and tools can guide the implementation of an intervention or model; and an illustration of a large-scale TIP implementation initiative with collaboratives of agencies and schools. This chapter concludes with implications regarding the importance of having effective transition-to-adulthood models; and ensuring the implementation and sustainability of these to improve the progress and outcomes of youth and young adults with EBD.



The authors wish to thank the following leadership personnel from the Futures Program, Truman Medical Center Behavioral Health in Kansas City, MO, for their valued contribution of a composite case example for this chapter: Amber Takens, MA, LPC, Team Lead; Tiffany Sturdivant, MSW, LCSW, Team Lead; and Veronica Highley, MA, LPC, Program Director. The authors also wish to thank the following staff of the Waterloo Region District School Board; Virginia Nusca, Chief Psychologist, Carrie Parking, Paraprofessional Supervisor, Lisa Mulvihill, Psychologist and the secondary school CYW team for their diligent implementation of TIP and contribution to this chapter.


Clark, H.B., Jaouich, A. and Baker, K. (2015), "The Transition to Independence Process: Implementation of the TIP Model for Improving the Outcomes of Youth and Young Adults with Emotional/Behavioral Difficulties", Transition of Youth and Young Adults (Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities, Vol. 28), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 135-171.

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