Response to Intervention (RtI) models require valid assessments for decisions regarding whether a student should receive more intensive intervention, whether interventions improve performance, whether a student has improved sufficiently to no longer need intervention, or whether a student should be considered for a formal evaluation for special education. We describe assessment tools used currently in RtI models in reading in kindergarten through third grade, along with how these tools function in multiyear implementations of RtI. In addition to the measurement tools, we describe concerns regarding when RtI models are judged for their effects on reading improvement and the attrition that may inflate these results.
O'Connor, R.E. and Sanchez, V. (2011), "Issues in assessment for intervention in implementation of responsiveness to intervention models", Scruggs, T.E. and Mastropieri, M.A. (Ed.) Assessment and Intervention (Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities, Vol. 24), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 149-170. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0735-004X(2011)0000024009
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