Organization fields are shaped by both isomorphic and competitive processes. Isomorphic processes have been dominant for many years, but now competitive processes are in ascendance. All fields are embedded in wider societal structures, and the field of higher education is richly connected in modern societies with the economic, stratification, and political spheres. Some of these interdependences reinforce within-field processes, some recast them, and still others disrupt them. The appearance of new technologies, new types of students, and changing work requirements have begun to unsettle traditional field structures and processes and encourage the development of new modes of organizing. Over time, the dominant professional mode of organizing higher education is being undercut and, in many types of colleges, supplanted by one based on market forces and managerial logics.
W. Richard Scott and Manuelito Biag (2016). 'The Changing Ecology of U.S. Higher Education: An Organization Field Perspective', The University Under Pressure (Research in the Sociology of Organizations, Volume 46). Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 25-51Download as .RIS
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