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Fitting U.S. Trend Inflation: A Rolling-Window Approach

DSGE Models in Macroeconomics: Estimation, Evaluation, and New Developments

ISBN: 978-1-78190-305-6, eISBN: 978-1-78190-306-3

ISSN: 0731-9053

Publication date: 22 November 2012

Abstract

The role of trend inflation shocks for the U.S. macroeconomic dynamics is investigated by estimating two DSGE models of the business cycle. Policymakers are assumed to be concerned with a time-varying inflation target, which is modeled as a persistent and stochastic process. The identification of trend inflation shocks (as opposed to a number of alternative innovations) is achieved by exploiting the measure of trend inflation recently proposed by Aruoba and Schorfheide (2011). Our main findings point to a substantial contribution of trend inflation shocks for the volatility of inflation and the policy rate. Such contribution is found to be time dependent and highest during the mid-1970s to mid-1980s.

Keywords

Citation

Castelnuovo, E. (2012), "Fitting U.S. Trend Inflation: A Rolling-Window Approach", Balke, N., Canova, F., Milani, F. and Wynne, M.A. (Ed.) DSGE Models in Macroeconomics: Estimation, Evaluation, and New Developments (Advances in Econometrics, Vol. 28), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 201-252. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0731-9053(2012)0000028008

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited