This paper is the first to use the individual level, longitudinal catch-up growth of boys and girls in a historical population to measure their relative deprivation. The data is drawn from two government schools, the Marcella Street Home (MSH) in Boston, MA (1889–1898), and the Ashford School of the West London School District (1908–1917). The paper provides an extensive discussion of the two schools including the characteristics of the children, their representativeness, selection bias and the conditions in each school. It also provides a methodological introduction to measuring children’s longitudinal catch-up growth. After analysing the catch-up growth of boys and girls in the schools, it finds that there were no substantial differences between the catch-up growth by gender. Thus, these data suggest that there were not major health disparities between boys and girls in late-nineteenth-century America and early-twentieth-century Britain.
I would like to thank the following for helpful comments: Bob Allen, Chris Hanes, Sara Horrell, Jane Humphries, Christiaan Monden, Deborah Oxley, one anonymous referee, seminar participants in Tübingen, Utrecht, Nuffield College, Oxford, and the LSE as well as conference participants at the EHA Conference in Vancouver, the Institutions and the History of Health and Healing Workshop in Dublin and the EHS meeting in York. Of course any mistakes are entirely my own. This research was made possible by the generous support of Nuffield College, Oxford, and the Economic History Society.
Schneider, E. (2016), "Health, Gender and the Household: Children’s Growth in the Marcella Street Home, Boston, MA, and the Ashford School, London, UK", Research in Economic History (Research in Economic History, Vol. 32), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 277-361. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0363-326820160000032005Download as .RIS
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