To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Younger Women with Breast Cancer and Treatment Decision-Making: Rethinking Patient Involvement and Empowerment

Gender, Women’s Health Care Concerns and Other Social Factors in Health and Health Care

ISBN: 978-1-78756-176-2, eISBN: 978-1-78756-175-5

ISSN: 0275-4959

Publication date: 18 September 2018

Abstract

Purpose

Encouraging patient involvement is a cornerstone of many healthcare interventions and decision-making models to ensure that treatment decisions reflect the needs, values, and desires of patients. Involved patients are thought to be empowered patients who feel a sense of efficacy in regards to their own health. However, there is a lack of understanding of how patients relate to empowerment and involvement and, most importantly, how these constructs relate to one another in patients’ decision-making experiences.

Methodology/approach

Through an inductive analysis, this chapter draws on qualitative interviews of women diagnosed with breast cancer prior to 40 years of age (n = 69).

Findings

By examining the intersection of how patients define their own involvement in treatment decisions and their sense of empowerment, we find four orientations to decision-making (Advocates, Bystanders, Co-Pilots, and Downplayers) with involvement and empowerment being coupled for some respondents, but decoupled for others.

Research limitations/implications

Our findings suggest expanding what it means to be an “active” patient as respondents had multiple ways of characterizing involvement, including being informed or following their doctor’s advice. Our findings also suggest a more critical examination of the origins and potential downsides of patient empowerment as some respondents reported feeling overwhelmed or pushed into advocacy roles. The sample was disproportionately higher socioeconomic status with limited racial/ethnic diversity. Empowerment and involvement may be enacted differently for other social groups and other medical conditions.

Originality/value

By examining first-person patient narratives, we conclude that patients’ experience may not fully align with current academic or clinical discussions of patient involvement or empowerment.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgment

The Oncofertility Consortium and Center for Reproductive Health After Disease (P50HD076188) supported this work.

Citation

Snyder, K.A., Tate, A. and Roubenoff, E. (2018), "Younger Women with Breast Cancer and Treatment Decision-Making: Rethinking Patient Involvement and Empowerment", Gender, Women’s Health Care Concerns and Other Social Factors in Health and Health Care (Research in the Sociology of Health Care, Vol. 36), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 37-58. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0275-495920180000036002

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018 Emerald Publishing Limited