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Special Education of Students With Traumatic Brain Injuries: Advancing Values

Special Education

ISBN: 978-1-83753-467-8, eISBN: 978-1-83753-466-1

Publication date: 26 April 2024


This chapter provides an overview on the traditions and values of teaching students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). First, we discuss the prevalence, identification, and characteristics associated with TBI and how those characteristics affect learning, behavior, and daily life functioning. Next, we focus on instructional and behavioral interventions used in maintaining the traditions in classrooms for working with students with TBI. Findings from a review of the literature conclude that there are no specific academic curriculums designed specifically for teaching students with TBI; however, direct instruction and strategy instruction have been shown to be effective educational interventions. Current research on students with TBI is predominately being conducted in medical centers and clinics focusing on area of impairments (e.g., memory, attention, processing speed) rather than academic achievement and classroom interventions. Finally, we conclude with a list of accommodations and a discussion of recommendations for future work in teaching students with TBI.



Wherfel, Q.M. and Bakken, J.P. (2024), "Special Education of Students With Traumatic Brain Injuries: Advancing Values", Obiakor, F.E. and Bakken, J.P. (Ed.) Special Education (Advances in Special Education, Vol. 38), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 123-142.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024 Quentin M. Wherfel and Jeffrey P. Bakken. Published under exclusive licence by Emerald Publishing Limited