In this chapter, we discuss health-related physical fitness and motor development assessments for students with physical disabilities or other health impairments in special education using traditional and innovative techniques. Traditional assessment techniques are those that are more standardized and formalized, while innovative assessment techniques refer to new variations or ways (alternative/authentic) to assess the abilities of students with physical disabilities and other health impairments. According to the United States Department of Education (2009), students with disabilities must be included in State and local assessments. Even though there has been significant growth in numbers, diversity and academic orientation of persons with physical disabilities, assessments practices have largely remained the same over the years. Adopting innovative pedagogies and emerging innovative assessment techniques may address some unmet needs of current students with disabilities faced with assessment biases.
Asola, E.F. and Hodge, S.R. (2021), "Traditional and Innovative Assessment Techniques for Students with Physical Disabilities and Other Health Impairments", Obiakor, F.E. and Bakken, J.P. (Ed.) Traditional and Innovative Assessment Techniques for Students with Disabilities (Advances in Special Education, Vol. 36), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 181-196. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0270-401320210000036011
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