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International Perspectives on Emotional and Behavioral Disorders


The identification criteria, service provision, and prevalence rates of individuals with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) vary across state jurisdictions in the United States despite being governed by the same general rules. Therefore, it is unlikely that nations with different histories, economic circumstances, and attitudes toward social norms will demonstrate similarity regarding identification and treatment of individuals with EBD. The fields of anthropology, sociology, and psychology provide conceptual frames for understanding how EBD might be considered across cultures. The present chapter reviews a number of these conceptual considerations. Although there is considerable evidence for variability across cultures, there is also evidence for a shared basis that appears to be part of human characteristics, regardless of culture. The chapter concludes by considering special education services in general as a subset of the education systems provided to all citizens in several nations with diverse cultures and economic situation.


Brigham, F.J. (2014), "International Perspectives on Emotional and Behavioral Disorders", Special Education International Perspectives: Biopsychosocial, Cultural, and Disability Aspects (Advances in Special Education, Vol. 27), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 153-181.



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