Despite some variations in the characteristics and extent of emigration from the three countries, the interviewed experts agree that the European Union’s policy of free mobility is socially and economically problematic. As the interviews indicate, there have been strong calls in Latvia and Lithuania for a more cohesive intra-European migration management policy to address current imbalances between EU member states and ensure that the loss of human resources in sending countries is accounted for in the recruitment policies of receiving countries. On another hand, Estonia experiences more circular movement patterns and demonstrates a rather liberal view towards migration issues, seeing a virtue in the (regional) open market.
This article is based on research funded by the Swedish Council for Working Life and Research (FORTE) Project Number: 2011-0338, Svensk modell och baltisk rörlighet: harmonisering eller social dumpning? En studie av arbetsmigration mellan Baltikum och Sverige. I am grateful to Charles Woolfson and Branka Likic-Brboric, the editors of this issue, and anonymous reviewers for constructive readings and comments on previous versions of this article. Any subsequent errors and omissions remain my responsibility.
Genelyte, I. (2016), "Policy Response to Emigration from the Baltics: Confronting ‘The European Elephant in the Room’", Labour Mobility in the Enlarged Single European Market (Comparative Social Research, Vol. 32), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 45-72. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0195-631020160000032003Download as .RIS
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