The influx of migrant workers from Central and Eastern Europe over the last decade represents the largest migratory flows to Norway in history and an unprecedented supply shock to parts of the Norwegian labour market. This article reviews existing research and summarises the findings in terms of (1) the volume, direction and temporal patterns of migration flows; (2) the economic integration of new labour migrants; (3) the impacts of labour migration on wages, employment, skills, and social organisation of work in affected industries and (4) the political and institutional responses to rising labour migration. The article concludes by discussing the overall long-term consequences of labour migration, particularly with regard to social inequality in Norway.
The analysis in this article is primarily based on the research programme Knowledge development on labour migration, which was conducted in collaboration between Fafo and the Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research during the period 2010–2015 commissioned by the Norwegian Ministry of Labour. I am grateful to Bernt Bratsberg, Oddbjørn Raaum, Line Eldring and Jon Erik Dølvik for useful comments on an earlier draft of this article. I am in particular indebted to Jon Erik Dølvik, who in addition has contributed with insightful and elaborate comments and suggestions on later versions of the article.
Friberg, J.H. (2016), "New Patterns of Labour Migration from Central and Eastern Europe and its Impact on Labour Markets and Institutions in Norway: Reviewing the Evidence", Labour Mobility in the Enlarged Single European Market (Comparative Social Research, Vol. 32), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 19-43. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0195-631020160000032002Download as .RIS
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