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The Integration of the Norwegian Oil Economy into the World Economy

The Nordic Varieties of Capitalism

ISBN: 978-0-85724-777-3, eISBN: 978-0-85724-778-0

Publication date: 18 October 2011


Norway is a small nation state on the northernmost coastline of Western Europe, integrated in the Western world economy. For centuries Norway's integration in the world economy had been based on exports of raw materials such as fish and timber, as well as shipping services. In the early 20th century, furnace-based metals (made possible by cheap hydropower) were added to this export basket. Just as the world economy entered an increasingly unstable phase in 1970s, another natural resource was discovered in Norway: petroleum – that is, oil and natural gas from the North Sea. This chapter analyses the challenges and possibilities inherent in the Norwegian strategy of developing an oil economy in a world economic situation influenced by new and stronger forms of international integration through the four decades between 1970 and 2010.


Mjøset, L. and Cappelen, Å. (2011), "The Integration of the Norwegian Oil Economy into the World Economy", Mjøset, L. (Ed.) The Nordic Varieties of Capitalism (Comparative Social Research, Vol. 28), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 167-263.



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