Purpose – In this paper, we contribute to the study of conservative, reactive mobilization through a study of the ex-gay movement in the United States.
Design/methodology/approach – Using state-level event history analyses over 25 years, we examine the role of threat, resources, and political opportunity in the formation of the first ex-gay organization in each state.
Findings – Our results demonstrate the importance of threat, particularly perceived challenges to traditional definitions of morality, in the formation of ex-gay groups. We find little support for either resource mobilization or political opportunity.
Research limitations/implications – This study indicates a need for further research on sociocultural threat and the ex-gay movement.
Originality/value – It expands scholarship on countermovement emergence, conservative and reactive countermovements, and the role of threat (especially sociocultural threat) in movements.
Lee Crockett, J. and Kane, M.D. (2012), "Mobilizing in Response to Threat: The Case of the Ex-Gay Movement", Earl, J. and Rohlinger, D.A. (Ed.) Media, Movements, and Political Change (Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change, Vol. 33), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 227-256. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0163-786X(2012)0000033012
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