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Effort at Work and Worker Well-Being

aUniversity of Zaragoza and IEDIS, Spain
bThe London School of Economics, UK

Time Use in Economics

ISBN: 978-1-83753-605-4, eISBN: 978-1-83753-604-7

Publication date: 14 December 2023


This chapter analyzes detailed 24-hour diary data from the United States to provide evidence on the relationship between workers' effort and well-being while at work. In doing so, we first measure workers' effort in terms of the amount of on-the-job leisure, number of on-the-job leisure episodes, and the time working until consuming on-the-job leisure. Second, we link these three measures of worker effort to data on instantaneous well-being while at work. We find that the less time devoted to on-the-job leisure and the number of on-the-job leisure episodes, and the more time workers spend working until on-the-job-leisure, the higher the levels of stress during their work tasks. In analyzing workers' effort and stress during market work activities, we contribute to the scant literature on the determinants of worker happiness while at work, positing the consumption and the frequency of on-the-job leisure as affective factors.




Giménez-Nadal and Molina acknowledge funding from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (Project PID 2019:108348RA-I00), and from the Government of Aragón (Grant S32_20R). Sevilla acknowledges funding from the European Research Council (CoG PARENTIME-770839).


Giménez-Nadal, J.I., Molina, J.A. and Sevilla, A. (2023), "Effort at Work and Worker Well-Being", Hamermesh, D.S. and Polachek, S.W. (Ed.) Time Use in Economics (Research in Labor Economics, Vol. 51), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 35-53.



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