This paper focuses on two issues, firstly the extent to which the employment position of the main ethnic minority groups in England and Wales changed between 1991 and 2001 and secondly, a detailed examination of employment rates amongst ethnic groups in 2001. Relative to Whites, the employment position of most ethnic minority groups improved over the period, especially for males. Some of this improvement was due to enhanced levels of observable characteristics. However, the employment gap between Whites and some ethnic minority groups remains extremely large. Educational qualifications, religion and local deprivation are found to be important influences on employment for many minority groups. We conclude by discussing the policy implications of these findings.
Clark, K. and Drinkwater, S. (2009), "Dynamics and diversity: ethnic employment differences in England and Wales, 1991–2001", Constant, A.F., Tatsiramos, K. and Zimmermann, K.F. (Ed.) Ethnicity and Labor Market Outcomes (Research in Labor Economics, Vol. 29), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 299-333. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0147-9121(2009)0000029014
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