The purpose of this study is to evaluate different 3D structures for humidity sensing that will enable the fabrication of complex geometries with high moisture sensitivity.
Humidity sensors based on alumina ceramics were fabricated using direct ink write (DIW) technique. Different engineered surface area, polymer binder ratio and post-processing treatment were considered to increase moisture sensitivity.
It was found that the binder ratio plays an important role in controlling the rheology of the paste during printing and determining the pore size after post-processing treatment. The sensibility of the fabricated humidity sensor was investigated by measuring its capacitance response toward relative humidity (RH) varying from 40% to 90% RH at 25°C. It is shown that using 3D lattice design, printed alumina humidity sensor could improve sensitivity up to 31.6 pF/RH%, over an order of magnitude higher than solid alumina.
Most of the alumina humidity sensors available are films in nature because of manufacturing difficulties, which limited its potential of higher sensitivity, and thus broader applications. In this paper, a novel 3D alumina humidity sensor was fabricated using DIW 3D printing technology.
This research is funded by Department of Energy (DOE) under Grant Nos DE-FE0027502 and DE-NA0003865.
Renteria, A., Garcia, L.F., Diaz, J.A., Delfin, L.C., Regis, J.E., Reza, E.I., Espalin, D., Tseng, T.-L.B. and Lin, Y. (2021), "Fabrication of bulk alumina structures with humidity sensing capabilities using direct ink write technique", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 27 No. 4, pp. 822-833. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-12-2019-0322
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