This paper aims to propose a method that can directly print low-melting-point alloy In61Bi26Sn9Ga4 into a variety of macroscopic 3D structures at room temperature via adhesion mechanism.
In the first section, the principle of the direct printing system is described. As process parameters and material properties have both geometric and physical significance to printing, the approach the authors take is to study the relationships between key parameters and ultimate printed dimension. The surface tension of the fusible alloy is measured under different temperature ranges.
The interaction between the initial standoff distance and the geometry of the first layer is critically important for the adhesion of the liquid metal to the substrate and metal deposition. The characterization of the layer stacking in the direct printing process, stability ranges of the layer thickness and printing speed are also demonstrated. The direct printing system is suitable for making 3D structures with low-melting-point alloy under the summarized range of printing conditions.
This study may arouse big public attention among society.
This study shows possibilities of manufacturing macroscopic 3D metal objects by continuously depositing molten alloy with low viscosity and high surface tension around room temperature. This study provides a supplement to realize compound printing with metal and nonmetal materials together for building terminal functional devices in a low cost and efficient way.
This work is supported by Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Funding (Under Grant No. Z151100003715002) and Key Project Funding of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Yu, Y., Liu, F. and Liu, J. (2017), "Direct 3D printing of low melting point alloy via adhesion mechanism", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 23 No. 3, pp. 642-650. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-12-2015-0185
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