Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), as a light and high strength thermoplastic polymer, has found extensive applications in different industries. Fused filament fabrication, known as three-dimensional (3D) printing technique is considered a rapid prototyping technique that is frequently applied for production of samples of ABS material. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the mechanical and fracture behavior of such materials and the techniques to improve such properties.
Experimental and numerical analyses have been conducted to investigate the effects of internal architecture and chopped carbon fiber (CF) fillers on the mechanical properties and mixed mode fracture behavior of the ABS samples made by 3D printing technique. Four different filling types at 70% filling ratios have been used to produce tensile and special fracture test samples with pure and CF filled ABS filaments (CF-ABS) using 3D process. A special fixture has been developed to apply mixed mode loading on fracture samples, and finite element analyses have been conducted to determine the geometric function of such samples at different loading angles.
It has been determined that the printing pattern has a significant effect on the mechanical properties of the sample. The addition of 15% CF to pure ABS resulted in a significant increase in tensile strength of 46.02% for line filling type and 15.04% for hexagon filling type. It has been determined that as the loading angle increases from 0° to 90°, the KIC value decreases. The addition of 15% CF increased the KIC values for hexagonal and line filling type by 64.14% and 12.5%, respectively.
The damage that will occur in ABS samples produced in 3D printers depends on the type, amount, filling speed, filling type, filling ratio, filling direction and mechanical properties of the additives. All these features are clearly dependent on the production method. Even if the same additive is used, the production method difference shows different microstructural parameters, especially different mechanical properties.
This work was supported by Adana Alparslan Türkeş Science and Technology University Scientific Research Coordination Unit. Project Number: 20103002.
Boğa, C. (2021), "Investigation of mechanical and fracture behavior of pure and carbon fiber reinforced ABS samples processed by fused filament fabrication process", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 27 No. 6, pp. 1220-1229. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-11-2020-0296
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