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A real-time adaptive look-ahead speed control algorithm for FDM-based additive manufacturing technology with Hbot kinematic system

Qin Qin (Sichuan University, Chengdu, China)
Jigang Huang (Sichuan University, Chengdu, China)
Jin Yao (Sichuan University, Chengdu, China)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Article publication date: 22 July 2019

Issue publication date: 21 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to enhance the accuracy as well as efficiency of high-speed machining, avoid the speed fluctuation caused by acceleration/deceleration (ACC/DEC) and increase the smoothness of feedrate in continuous corners or curves machining. The Hbot kinematic system was analyzed and combined with fused deposition modeling-based (FDM) additive manufacturing (AM) technology. Then a real-time adaptive look-ahead speed control algorithm was proposed.

Design/methodology/approach

To validate the performance of Hbot kinematic system and the proposed speed control algorithm, the positioning accuracy of Hbot and cross structure was compared. Also, the experimental verification was conducted among FDM based 3-D printer with cross structure as well as open source speed control algorithm (FDM with cross-OS), cross structure and the proposed speed control algorithm (FDM with cross-PS) and Hbot structure, as well as the proposed speed control algorithm (FDM with Hbot-PS), respectively.

Findings

The results indicate that the Hbot kinematic system leads to the high stability of positioning accuracy due to the small motion inertia. Furthermore, the experimental verification shows that the efficiency, printing precision and surface finish of models for FDM with Hbot-PS are obviously higher than that for FDM with cross-PS as well as FDM with cross-OS, while FDM with cross-OS shows the worst performance. The contribution of Hbot kinematic system and the proposed speed control algorithm to FDM based AM technology was validated by this work.

Practical implications

The Hbot kinematic system and proposed speed control algorithm have the important implication of improving the accuracy of FDM machines, especially in the low-price range segment. Also, this work can help future system developers show a possible way of tackling the motion inertia problem.

Originality/value

The study of Hbot kinematic system and proposed algorithm are expected to advise the current research for improving the accuracy as well as the efficiency of FDM-based AM technology.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This paper is supported by Science and Technology Bureau of Chengdu (2016-CP03-00957-GX).

Citation

Qin, Q., Huang, J. and Yao, J. (2019), "A real-time adaptive look-ahead speed control algorithm for FDM-based additive manufacturing technology with Hbot kinematic system", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 25 No. 6, pp. 1095-1107. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-11-2018-0291

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited