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Investigation on surface roughness of sintered PA2200 prototypes using Taguchi method

Naveen Kumar Mavoori (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vidya Jyothi Educational Society, Hyderabad, India and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vidya Jyothi Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, India)
Sriram Vekatesh (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India)
Manzoor Hussain M. (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, India)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Article publication date: 29 October 2018

Issue publication date: 16 April 2019



The purpose of this research paper is to optimize the process parameters of selective laser sintering process, and the sintered parts of PA2200 prototypes are built with minimum surface roughness within the range of 10-12 microns using the Taguchi design of experiments approach.


In this research paper, a 3D model is created using catia V5 and exported to rapid prototype machine, and the 3D model file was repaired by using Magics software to remove the facets and saved with file extension .stl (standard triangulation language).Taguchi design of experiments approach L9 orthogonal array was selected with three factors at three levels each and total nine experiments were conducted with the quality index lower-the-better signal-to-noise ratio to produced better quality prototypes by optimizing the process parameters like laser power, layer thickness and temperature and tested on surface tester for surface roughness. The experimental results of surface roughness were compared with Regression Analysis, S/N Ratio, Analysis of Mean and predicted model on sintered prototypes.


The experimental results obtained after testing on the surface tester compared with mathematical model for the quality index lower-the-better signal-noise ratio with optimal process parameters operating at Temperature at level 3, Layer thickness at level 3, and Laser power at level 3, regression analysis, and predictive model the output response variable surface roughness, is with in the range of 9-10.5 microns are all most same and from ANOM (Analysis of Mean), temperature at leve1, layer thickness at level 2, laser power at level 2 is 9 -9.6 microns.

Research limitations/implications

The process parameters such as beam diameter and table speed were not considered on output response variable surface roughness in this research paper.


All the experiments were conducted and the parts are produced by using the material PA2200 in the powder from and sintered by Co2 laser by varying the process parameters with optimal settings to produce minimum surface roughness the out put from this paper is the influence of process parameters on surface roughness can be predicted at optimal settings with in less time and cost.



The author is thankful to CITD Balanagar, Hyderabad, for the prototyping testing for surface roughness on Tally Surf.


Mavoori, N.K., Vekatesh, S. and M., M.H. (2019), "Investigation on surface roughness of sintered PA2200 prototypes using Taguchi method", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 25 No. 3, pp. 454-461.



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