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Tensile strength of partially filled FFF printed parts: meta modelling

Shahrain Mahmood (School of Mechanical & Systems Engineering, Singapore)
A.J. Qureshi (Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada)
Kheng Lim Goh (School of Mechanical & Systems Engineering, Singapore and School of Mechanical & Systems Engineering, Australia)
Didier Talamona (School of Mechanical & Systems Engineering, Singapore and School of Mechanical & Systems Engineering, Australia)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Article publication date: 18 April 2017

307

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the tensile strength of partially filled fused filament fabrication (FFF) printed parts with respect of cross-sectional geometry of partially filled test pieces. It was reported in the authors’ earlier work that the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) is inversely proportional to the cross-sectional area of a specimen, whereas the number of shells and infill density are directly proportional to the UTS with all other parameters being held constant. Here, the authors present an in-depth evaluation of the phenomenon and a parametric model that can provide useful estimates of the UTS of the printed part by accounting for the dimensions of the solid floor/roof layers, shells and infills.

Design/methodology/approach

It was found that partially filled FFF printed parts consist of hollow sections. Because of these voids, the conventional method of determining the UTS via the gross cross-sectional area given by A = b × h, where b and h are the width and thickness of the printed part, respectively, cannot be used. A mathematical model of a more accurate representation of the cross-sectional area of a partially filled part was formulated. Additionally, the model was extended to predict the dimensions as well as the lateral distortion of the respective features within a printed part using input values from the experimental data.

Findings

The result from this investigation shows that to calculate the UTS of a partially filled FFF part, the calculation based on the conventional approach is not sufficient. A new meta-model is proposed which takes into account the geometry of the internal features to give an estimate of the strength of a partially filled printed part that is closer to the value of the strength of the material that is used for fabricating the part.

Originality/value

This paper investigates the tensile strength of a partially filled FFF printed part. The results have shown that the tensile strength of a partially filled part can be similar to that of a solid part, at a lower cost: shorter printing time and lower material usage. By taking into account the geometries within a printed part, the cross-sectional area can be accurately represented. The mathematical model which was developed would aid end-users to predict the tensile strength for a given set of input values of the process parameters.

Keywords

Citation

Mahmood, S., Qureshi, A.J., Goh, K.L. and Talamona, D. (2017), "Tensile strength of partially filled FFF printed parts: meta modelling", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 23 No. 3, pp. 524-533. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-10-2015-0151

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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