System and process development for coaxial extrusion in fused deposition modelling

Adam C. Taylor (School of Mechanical, Materials and Mechatronic Engineering, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia)
Stephen Beirne (Intelligent Polymer Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia)
Gursel Alici (School of Mechanical, Materials and Mechatronic Engineering, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia)
Gordon G. Wallace (Intelligent Polymer Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Publication date: 18 April 2017

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to design and test a system capable of coaxial fused deposition modelling (FDM) and assess the coaxial fibres produced for their coaxial concentricity. The goal is to achieve concentricity values below the literature standard of 15 per cent.

Design/methodology/approach

This research discusses the design of the coaxial nozzle internal geometry and validates the modelling process by using computational fluid dynamics to assess its flow profile. Sequentially, this paper discusses the abilities of current additive manufacturing (AM) technology in the production of the coaxial nozzle.

Findings

The methodology followed has produced coaxial fibres with concentricity values as low as 2.89 per cent and also identifies a clear speed suitable for coaxial printing using polylactic acid (PLA) as the internal and external materials.

Research limitations/implications

The concentricity of the printed fibres is heavily influenced by the feed rate for the thermoplastic feedstock. This in turn alters the viscosity of the material to be printed, implying that a relationship exists between feed rate and print temperature, which can be further optimised to potentially obtain higher concentricity values.

Practical implications

This paper adds reliability and repeatability to the production of coaxially printed structures, the likes of which has numerous potential applications for biological printing.

Originality/value

The outcomes of this study will provide an AM platform to alter the paradigm of biofabrication by introducing a new level of versatility to the construction of biofabricated structures.

Keywords

Citation

Adam C. Taylor, Stephen Beirne, Gursel Alici and Gordon G. Wallace (2017) "System and process development for coaxial extrusion in fused deposition modelling", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 23 No. 3, pp. 543-550

Download as .RIS

DOI

: https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-10-2015-0141

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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