The purpose of this paper is to develop a workflow for design and fabrication of customized surgical guides (CSGs) for placement of the bidirectional extraoral distraction instruments (EDIs) in bilateral mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) surgery to treat the bilateral temporomandibular joint ankylosis with zero mouth opening.
The comprehensive workflow consists of six steps: medical imaging; virtual surgical planning (VSP); computer aided design; rapid prototyping (RP); functional testing of CSGs and mock surgery; and clinical application. Fused deposition modeling, an RP process was used to fabricate CSGs in acrylonitrile butadiene styrene material. Finally, mandibular reconstruction with MDO was performed successfully using RP-assisted CSGs.
Design and development of CSGs prior to the actual MDO surgery improves accuracy, reduces operation time and decreases patient morbidity, hence improving the quality of surgery. Manufacturing of CSG is easy using RP to transfer VSP into the actual surgery.
This study describes an RP-assisted CSGs fabrication for exact finding of both; osteotomy site and drilling location to fix EDI’s pins accurately in the mandible; for accurate osteotomy and placement of the bidirectional EDIs in MDO surgery to achieve accurate distraction.
The authors are thankful to all staff members of Government Dental College and Hospital (GDCH), Nagpur, India especially Dr V.K. Hazarey (Dean), Dr P.K. Pandilwar (Associate Professor and Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery), Dr S.P. Kumbhare (Associate Professor and Head, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology) and Dr Suhas Pande (Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology), for their efforts and support during the entire duration of the research.
Dahake, S.W., Kuthe, A.M., Chawla, J. and Mawale, M.B. (2017), "Rapid prototyping assisted fabrication of customized surgical guides in mandibular distraction osteogenesis: a case report", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 23 No. 3, pp. 602-610. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-09-2015-0129
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