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Microstructure and mechanical properties of reinforced polyamide 12 composites prepared by laser additive manufacturing

Yanhui Liu (School of Materials Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, China)
Lingjie Zhu (School of Materials Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, China)
Lei Zhou (School of Materials Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, China)
Yongjiu Li (School of Materials Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, China)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Publication date: 8 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the influence of the reinforcement included either glass beads (GBs) or carbon fiber (CF) on the reinforced polyamide 12 (PA12) composite samples prepared by selective laser sintering (SLS).

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the microstructure and mechanical properties are investigated, and the results are compared with those obtained for non-reinforced pure PA12 samples prepared by SLS.

Findings

The tensile fracture surface of the non-reinforced pure PA12 sample presents strong micro-deformation within the crack origination zone between the melted PA12 matrix and the un-melted PA12 particle cores. As a result, the pure PA12 sample exhibits the greatest maximum elongation. The maximum tensile strength is obtained for the CF reinforced sample because of the strengthening effect of CF and the relatively good bonding between CFs and the PA12 matrix. The minimum tensile strength is obtained for the GB reinforced PA12 sample because of the relatively weak bonding between GBs and the PA12 matrix.

Originality/value

These results demonstrate that the characteristics of the interfaces between the reinforcement and the PA12 matrix have an important influence on the fracture mechanisms and mechanical properties of PA12 composites fabricated by SLS.

Keywords

Citation

Liu, Y., Zhu, L., Zhou, L. and Li, Y. (2019), "Microstructure and mechanical properties of reinforced polyamide 12 composites prepared by laser additive manufacturing", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 25 No. 6, pp. 1127-1134. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-08-2018-0220

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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