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An interactive product customization framework for freeform shapes

Yunbo Zhang (School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University System, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA)
Tsz Ho Kwok (Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Aerospace Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Article publication date: 17 October 2017




The purpose of this paper is to establish new computer-aided-design (CAD) framework to design custom product that is fabricated additive manufacturing (AM), which can produce complex three-dimensional (3D) object without additional tool or fixture. Additive manufacturing (AM) enables the fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) objects with complex shapes without additional tools and refixturing. However, it is difficult for user to use traditional computer-aided design tools to design custom products.


In this paper, the authors presented a design system to help user design custom 3D printable products based on some reference freeform shapes. The user can define and edit styling curves on the reference model using the interactive geometric operations for styling curve. Incorporating with the reference models, these curves can be converted into 3D printable models through the fabrication interface.


The authors tested their system with four design applications including a hollow patterned bicycle helmet, a T-rex with skin frame structure, a face mask with Voronoi patterns and an AM-specific night dress with hollow patterns.


The executable prototype of the presented design framework used in the customization process is publicly available.



Zhang, Y. and Kwok, T.H. (2017), "An interactive product customization framework for freeform shapes", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 23 No. 6, pp. 1136-1145.



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Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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