One of the major concerns of the constrained-surface stereolithography (SLA) process is that the built-up part may break because of the force resulting from the pulling-up process. This resultant force may become significant if the interface mechanism between the two contact surfaces (i.e. newly cured layer and the bottom of the resin vat) produces a strong bonding between them. The purpose of this paper is to characterize the separation process between the cured part and the resin vat by adopting an appropriate and simple mechanics-based model that can be used to probe the pulling-up process.
In this paper, the time-histories of the pulling-up forces are measured using FlexiForce® force sensors. The experimental data are analyzed and used to estimate the constitutive parameters of the separation mechanism. Here, the separation mechanism is modeled based on the concept of cohesive zone model (CZM) that is well-studied in the field of fracture mechanics. By using the experimentally measured pulling-up force, this paper proposes a very efficient inverse technique to estimate the constitutive parameters for the CZM. The constitutive laws for the CZM facilitate in relating the separation force at the interface between the cured part and the resin vat in terms of the pulling-up velocity. Unlike work proposed earlier, computationally expensive full-scale finite element runs are not essential in the current work while estimating the required parameters of the constitutive laws. Instead, mechanics-based computationally efficient surrogate model is proposed to readily estimate these constitutive parameters.
Two constitutive laws are compared on the basis of their predictions of the separation force profile. Excellent match is obtained between the measured and the predicted separation force profiles.
This paper selects a suitable mechanics-based model that can characterize the separation process and proposes a computationally efficient scheme to estimate the required constitutive parameters. The proposed scheme can be used to reliably predict the separation force for the constrained-surface SLA process, leading to improved productivity and reliability of the SLA processes in fabricating the built-up parts.
The authors acknowledge the support of computing resources provided by the Center for Computational Research at the University at Buffalo.
Ye, H., Venketeswaran, A., Das, S. and Zhou, C. (2017), "Investigation of separation force for constrained-surface stereolithography process from mechanics perspective", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 696-710. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-06-2016-0091
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