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Investigation of ABS–oil palm fiber (Elaeis guineensis) composites filament as feedstock for fused deposition modeling

Mohd Nazri Ahmad (Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang Selangor, Malaysia; Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Melaka, Malaysia and Centre of Smart System and Innovative Design, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Melaka, Malaysia)
Mohamad Ridzwan Ishak (Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; Aerospace Malaysia Research Centre (AMRC), Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia and Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia)
Mastura Mohammad Taha (Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Melaka, Malaysia)
Faizal Mustapha (Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia)
Zulkiflle Leman (Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Article publication date: 16 November 2022

Issue publication date: 2 May 2023

285

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the tensile strength, Young’s modulus, dimensional stability and porosity of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)–oil palm fiber composite filament for fused deposition modeling (FDM).

Design/methodology/approach

A new feedstock material for FDM comprising oil palm fiber and ABS as a matrix was developed by a twin screw extruder. The composite filament contains 0, 3, 5 and 7 Wt.% of oil palm fiber in the ABS matrix. The tensile test is then performed on the fiber composite filament, and the wire diameter is measured. In this study, the Archimedes method was used to determine the density and the porosity of the filament. The outer surface of the wire composite was examined using an optical microscope, and the analysis of variance was used to assess the significance and the relative relevance of the primary factor.

Findings

The results showed that increasing the fiber loading from 0.15 to 0.4 MPa enhanced tensile strength by 60%. Then, from 16.1 to 18.3 MPa, the Young’s modulus rose by 22.8%. The density of extruded filament decreased and the percentage of porosity increased when the fiber loading was increased from 3 to 7 Wt.%. The diameter deviation of the extruded filaments varied from −0.21 to 0.04 mm.

Originality/value

This paper highlights a novel natural resource-based feedstock material for FDM. Its mechanical and physical properties were also discovered.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Universiti Putra Malaysia as well as to Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka and the Ministry of Higher Education (Malaysia) for providing the scholarship awarded to the principal author of this research. In addition, the authors would like to thank their families and friends for their moral support during this research.

This research was funded by the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) [Grant No. FRGS/1/2019/TK05/UPM/02/11 (5540205)].

Citation

Ahmad, M.N., Ishak, M.R., Mohammad Taha, M., Mustapha, F. and Leman, Z. (2023), "Investigation of ABS–oil palm fiber (Elaeis guineensis) composites filament as feedstock for fused deposition modeling", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 29 No. 5, pp. 897-909. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-05-2022-0164

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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