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Influence of processing parameters tuning and rheological characterization on improvement of mechanical properties and fabrication accuracy of 3D printed models

Mohammad Saleh Afsharkohan (Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran)
Saman Dehrooyeh (Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran)
Majid Sohrabian (Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran)
Majid Vaseghi (Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran and Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Article publication date: 3 January 2023

17

Abstract

Purpose

Fabrication settings such as printing speed and nozzle temperature in fused deposition modeling undeniably influence the quality and strength of fabricated parts. As available market filaments do not contain any exact information report for printing settings, manufacturers are incapable of achieving desirable predefined print accuracy and mechanical properties for the final parts. The purpose of this study is to determine the importance of selecting suitable print parameters by understanding the intrinsic behavior of the material to achieve high-performance parts.

Design/methodology/approach

Two common commercial polylactic acid filaments were selected as the investigated samples. To study the specimens’ printing quality, an appropriate scaffold geometry as a delicate printing sample was printed according to a variety of speeds and nozzle temperatures, selected in the filament manufacturer’s proposed temperature range. Dimensional accuracy and qualitative surface roughness of the specimens made by one of the filaments were evaluated and the best processing parameters were selected. The scaffolds were fabricated again by both filaments according to the selected proper processing parameters. Material characterization tests were accomplished to study the reason for different filament behaviors in the printing process. Moreover, the correlations between the polymer structure, thermo-rheological behavior and printing parameters were denoted.

Findings

Compression tests revealed that precise printing of the characterized filament results in more accurate structure and subsequent improvement of the final printed sample elastic modulus.

Originality/value

The importance of material characterization to achieve desired properties for any purpose was emphasized. Obtained results from the rheological characterizations would help other users to benefit from the highest performance of their specific filament.

Keywords

Citation

Afsharkohan, M.S., Dehrooyeh, S., Sohrabian, M. and Vaseghi, M. (2023), "Influence of processing parameters tuning and rheological characterization on improvement of mechanical properties and fabrication accuracy of 3D printed models", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-03-2022-0087

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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