This paper aims to systematically investigate the effect of the heat treatment process parameters on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the selective laser melting (SLM) AlSi10Mg alloy.
The samples with very low porosity were fabricated with optimized processing parameters on a self-developed SLM system. The heat treatment of using the temperature of 170°C∼400°C and the holding time of 0.5∼12 h was studied, and the evolution of the microstructure and mechanical properties of AlSi10Mg alloy under direct aging and annealing was investigated and obtained.
After annealing above 300°C for 1 h, the dendrite Si in the sample occurs spheroidization, and the molten pool contour becomes blurred or even disappeared completely, but low-temperature heat treatment does not change the morphology and size of grains significantly. Except for holding at 200°C for 1 h, all other heat treatment processes cause the tensile and yield strengths of SLM AlSi10Mg alloys to decrease and the elongation to increase. When the annealing temperature is higher than 200°C, the higher the temperature and the longer the holding time, the more obvious this effect is.
The correlation between the mechanical properties and microstructure of SLM AlSi10Mg alloy under different conditions was obtained. According to the characteristics of SLM forming, the direct aging and annealing process are mainly studied, which provided new information for the heat treatment of SLM AlSi10Mg alloy and promoted the engineering application of SLM AlSi10Mg alloy.
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.61575074). The authors also thank the Analytical and Testing Center of HUST for the SEM and EBSD analysis.
Xiao, H., Zhang, C. and Zhu, H. (2023), "Effect of direct aging and annealing on the microstructure and mechanical properties of AlSi10Mg fabricated by selective laser melting", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 29 No. 1, pp. 118-127. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-03-2022-0085
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