This paper presents approaches to determine a network-based pricing for 3D printing services in the context of a two-sided manufacturing-as-a-service marketplace. The purpose of this study is to provide cost analytics to enable service bureaus to better compete in the market by moving away from setting ad hoc and subjective prices.
A data mining approach with machine learning methods is used to estimate a price range based on the profile characteristics of 3D printing service suppliers. The model considers factors such as supplier experience, supplier capabilities, customer reviews and ratings from past orders and scale of operations, among others, to estimate a price range for suppliers’ services. Data were gathered from existing marketplace websites, which were then used to train and test the model.
The model demonstrates an accuracy of 65 per cent for US-based suppliers and 59 per cent for Europe-based suppliers to classify a supplier’s 3D printer listing in one of the seven price categories. The improvement over baseline accuracy of 25 per cent demonstrates that machine learning-based methods are promising for network-based pricing in manufacturing marketplaces
Conventional methodologies for pricing services through activity-based costing are inefficient in strategically priced 3-D printing service offering in a connected marketplace. As opposed to arbitrarily determining prices, this work proposes an approach to determine prices through data mining methods to estimate competitive prices. Such tools can be built into online marketplaces to help independent service bureaus to determine service price rates.
Pahwa, D. and Starly, B. (2020), "Network-based pricing for 3D printing services in two-sided manufacturing-as-a-service marketplace", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 26 No. 1, pp. 82-88. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-01-2019-0018Download as .RIS
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