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Improving of Silk Printability by Atmospheric Air Plasma Treatment

S. Ghalab (Physics Dept. Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt)
W. M. Raslan (Textile Research Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt)
E.M. El-Khatib (Textile Research Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt)
A.A. El-Halwagy (Textile Research Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 1 August 2011

Abstract

Plasma surface treatment of silk has been carried out in atmospheric air under experimental conditions at different discharge powers and plasma exposure times. The treated fabric samples are printed with reactive dye using a conventional silk screen printing technique. After drying, the samples are steam fixed at 102°C for 15 min, washed and air dried. Before and after printing, both treated and untreated samples are subjected to different investigations. The wetting time is found to depend upon the treatment time and discharge power. The colour strength of the treated samples printed with reactive dye is improved to a large extent compared with the untreated samples. An improvement in the fastness properties of the printed samples to washing, rubbing and perspiration is also noticed.

Keywords

Citation

Ghalab, S., Raslan, W.M., El-Khatib, E.M. and El-Halwagy, A.A. (2011), "Improving of Silk Printability by Atmospheric Air Plasma Treatment", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. 15 No. 3, pp. 115-123. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-15-03-2011-B013

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited