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A review of plant-mediated synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles for self-cleaning textiles

Bekinew Kitaw Dejene (Department of Textile and Garment Engineering, Hawassa University Institute of Technology, Hawassa, Ethiopia)
Tsige Mamo Geletaw (Natural Resource Economics and Policy, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 11 April 2023




The textile industry is evolving toward nanotechnology, which provides materials with self-cleaning properties. This paper aims to provide a thorough explanation of the green synthesis and mechanism of ZnO nanoparticles, with prospective applications of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) in self-cleaning textiles.


This review introduces a green mechanism for the synthesis of ZnO NPs using plant extracts, their self-cleaning properties and the mechanisms of physical, chemical and biological self-cleaning actions for textile applications.


ZnO NPs are among the several nanoparticles that are beneficial for self-cleaning textiles because of their exceptional physical and chemical properties, although review publications addressing the use of ZnO NPs in textiles for self-cleaning are uncommon. These results indicate that the plant-synthesized ZnO NPs display excellent biological, physical and chemical self-cleaning properties, the mechanism of which involves photocatalysis, surface roughness and interactions between ZnO NPs and bacterial surfaces.


Nanoformulations of plant-synthesized ZnO have been reviewed to achieve promising self-cleaning textile properties and have not been reviewed earlier.



The reviewers thank the Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology; functional textile course manager, Dr Molla T. and Bahirdar university for their extremely useful suggestions to do the review article.

Funding: The reviewers receive no financial support to review the authorship and publication of the article.

Declaration of conflict of interest: The reviewers declared no potential conflicts of interest for the review authorship and publication of the article.


Dejene, B.K. and Geletaw, T.M. (2023), "A review of plant-mediated synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles for self-cleaning textiles", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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