The purpose of this paper is to quantitatively assess the three-dimensional (3D) geometry and symmetry of the torso for spinal deformity and the use of orthotic bracewear by using non-invasive 3D body scanning technology.
In pursuing greater accuracy of body anthropometric measurements to improve the fit and design of apparel, 3D body scanning technology and image analysis provide many more advantages over the traditional manual methods that use contact measurements. To measure the changes in the torso geometry and profile symmetry of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, five individuals are recruited to undergo body scanning both with and without wearing a rigid brace during a period of six months. The cross-sectional areas and profiles of the reconstructed 3D torso models are examined to evaluate the level of body symmetry.
Significant changes in the cross-sectional profile are found amongst four of the patients over the different visits for measurements (p < 0.05), which are consistent with the X-rays results. The 3D body scanning system can reliably evaluate changes in the body geometry of patients with scoliosis. Nevertheless, improvements in the symmetry of the torso are found to be somewhat inconsistent among the patients and across different visits.
This pilot study demonstrates a practical and safe means to measure and analyse the torso geometry and symmetry so as to allow for more frequent evaluations, which would result in effective and optimal treatment of spinal deformation.
The authors would like to thank the Research Grant Council (PolyU 5298/12E) and the Departmental Grant of Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University for funding this research project (G-YBGV).
Lu, L., Yick, K., Ng, S., Yip, J. and Tse, C. (2017), "Evaluation of body geometry and symmetry for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with 3D body scanning system", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. 21 No. 4, pp. 276-292. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-11-2016-0027Download as .RIS
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